{
"subject": "LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA S231119u: One counterpart neutrino candidate from IceCube neutrino searches",
"submittedHow": "web",
"bibcode": "2023GCN.35125....1I",
"createdOn": 1700407889541,
"circularId": 35125,
"submitter": "Jessie Thwaites at IceCube/U Wisc-Madison ",
"body": "IceCube Collaboration (http://icecube.wisc.edu/) reports:\n\nSearches for track-like muon neutrino events detected by IceCube consistent with the sky localization of gravitational-wave candidate S231119u in a time range of 1000 seconds centered on the alert event time (2023-11-19 07:44:28.000 UTC to 2023-11-19 08:01:08.000 UTC) have been performed [1,2]. During this time period IceCube was collecting good quality data. Two hypothesis tests were conducted. The first search is a maximum likelihood analysis which searches for a generic point-like neutrino source coincident with the given GW skymap. The second uses a Bayesian approach to quantify the joint GW + neutrino event significance, which assumes a binary merger scenario and accounts for known astrophysical priors, such as GW source distance, in the significance estimate [3].\n\nOne track-like event is found in spatial and temporal coincidence with the gravitational-wave candidate S231119u calculated from the map circulated in the 3-Initial notice. This represents an overall p-value of 0.0061 from the generic transient search and an overall p-value of 0.44 for the Bayesian search. These p-values measure the consistency of the observed track-like events with the known atmospheric backgrounds for this single map (not trials corrected for multiple GW events). The most probable multi-messenger source direction based on the neutrinos and GW skymap is RA 237.39, Dec -35.69 degrees.\n\nThe reported p-values can differ due to the estimated distance of the GW candidate. The distance is used as a prior in the Bayesian binary merger search, while it is not taken into account in the generic transient point-like source search. The false alarm rate of these coincidences can be obtained by multiplying the p-values with their corresponding GW trigger rates. Further details are available at https://gcn.nasa.gov/missions/icecube.\n\nProperties of the coincident events are shown below.\n\n dt(s) RA(deg)\tDec(deg) Angular uncertainty(deg) p-value(generic transient) p-value(Bayesian)\n-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------\n -286.38 237.38\t-35.65\t\t 0.43\t\t\t0.006\t\t\tnull\n\n\nwhere:\ndt = Time of track event minus time of GW trigger (sec)\nAngular uncertainty = Angular uncertainty of track event: the radius of a circle \n representing 90% CL containment by area.\np-value = the p-value for this specific track event from each search.\n\nThe IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic-kilometer neutrino detector operating at the geographic South Pole, Antarctica. The IceCube realtime alert point of contact can be reached at roc@icecube.wisc.edu.\n\n[1] M. G. Aartsen et al 2020 ApJL 898 L10\n[2] Abbasi et al. Astrophys.J. 944 (2023) 1, 80\n[3] I. Bartos et al. 2019 Phys. Rev. D 100, 083017\n"
}