Skip to main content
New Swift-BAT/GUANO and IceCube Notice Types Available! See news and announcements

GCN Circular 15256

GRB 130925A: Historical non-detection from Rosat-HRI
2013-09-25T17:03:21Z (10 years ago)
Jonathan Gelbord at PSU/Swift <>
J. M. Gelbord (Eureka Scientific) reports:

Historical X-ray data covering the position of GRB 130925A (Evans et al., GCN Circ 15246) is available from the ROSAT archive at HEASARC.  The deepest data set is a 5.5 ks observation with the ROSAT HRI taken 1997-07-01, in which the position of GRB 130925A is 9' off axis.  There is no trace of an X-ray source at this position.

Using a source extraction region of 24" and a concentric annular background region from 80" to 240", formally I find 0.2 +/- 3.6 counts in the HRI band.  The three sigma upper limit is 14.8 counts (using the Bayesian approach of Kraft, Burrows & Nousek 1991, ApJ 374, 344).  Given the nominal exposure time of 5.5 ks, this translates to 2.7E-03 HRI counts per sec.

We use WebPIMMS ( ) to convert the 3-sigma HRI count rate limit to a limit in the Swift-XRT band.  Assuming the auto-generated spectral model for GRB 130925A (available from ) fitted to the XRT PC-mode data for GRB 130925A (through T0+29.8 ks; NH (intrinsic) = 9.4E+21, Gamma = 2.61), together with NH (Galactic) = 1.66E+20 and z=0.347 (Vreeswijk et al., GCN Circ 15249 and Sudilovsky et al., GCN Circ 15250), the 3-sigma HRI count rate limit translates to an XRT count rate of 5.7E-3 counts per second.  If we instead adopt the harder spectral model resulting from the fit to the WT-mode data (NH (Intrinsic) = 6.8E+21 and Gamma = 1.73), the equivalent XRT count rate would be 7.8E-3 counts per second.

Thus, the Rosat HRI upper limit reveals that GRB 130925A at T0+200s was at least 10^6 times brighter and at T0+30ks was still at least 100 times brighter than any X-ray source at this position in July 1997.
Looking for U.S. government information and services? Visit