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GCN Circular 21484

Subject
LIGO/Virgo G297595: Fermi GBM Observations
Date
2017-08-14T22:03:05Z (7 years ago)
From
Adam Goldstein at Fermi/GBM <adam.michael.goldstein@gmail.com>
A. Goldstein (USRA) reports on behalf of the GBM-LIGO Group:
L. Blackburn (CfA), M. S. Briggs (UAH), J. Broida (Carleton College), E.
Burns (NASA/GSFC), J. Camp (NASA/GSFC), T. Dal Canton (NASA/GSFC), N.
Christensen (Carleton College), V. Connaughton (USRA), R. Hamburg (UAH), C.
M. Hui (NASA/MSFC), P. Jenke (UAH), D. Kocevski (NASA/MSFC), N. Leroy
(LAL), T. Littenberg (NASA/MSFC), J. McEnery (NASA/GSFC), R. Preece (UAH),
J. Racusin (NASA/GSFC), P. Shawhan (UMD), K. Siellez (GATech), L. Singer
(NASA/GSFC), J. Veitch (Birmingham), P. Veres (UAH), C. Wilson-Hodge
(NASA/MSFC)

At the G297595 event time, GBM was taking data and viewing the entire
un-occulted sky approximately 67 degrees from Earth center (RA = 29.7, DEC
= +22.9), which includes 62% of the LIGO Bayestar LHV map.

There were no on-board triggers associated within a few hours of the GW
trigger time. The untargeted ground-based search of GBM data for
short-duration GRBs (Briggs et al., in prep) did not find any candidate
within an hour of the GW trigger.

The targeted search of the GBM data ([1], [2]) processes time scales of
0.256 to 8.192 s within 30 s of the LIGO event.  This search identified a
hard transient on the 2.048 s timescale 16.6 s after the GW trigger with an
initial estimated False Alarm Rate (FAR) of 7.1e-5 Hz (90% confidence).
Using the assumption that an EM signal closer in time to a GW event is more
likely to be associated, the initial False Alarm Probability (FAP) is
estimated at 2.5%  The localization of the event by the targeted search
(7700 sq. deg.; 90% containment) found that the LHV Bayestar map was
outside the 3 sigma statistical-only localization region. We can calculate
an associated FAR and FAP using this spatial information[2], however, the
FAR distribution that we have measured thus far assumes LIGO localizations
using L1 and H1, and may be different for the three-detector localization
maps. For completeness, we report the associated FAR including spatial
information as 1.7e-4 Hz (90% confidence) and FAP = 9.1%. The localization,
by itself, is highly suggestive of a Galactic source, encompassing the
location of two X-ray sources known to be currently active: Vela X-1 and
GRO J1008-57, however, the observed count spectrum is harder than typical
Galactic sources.

Although it has been determined that a systematic component to the GBM
localization uncertainty exists[3], this component has not yet been modeled
for un-triggered events. A follow-up human-in-the-loop inspection of the
lightcurve and the localization, incorporating the usual localization
systematic[3] for on-board triggered events, reveals that the un-occulted
LHV map is still outside the GBM 2-sigma region, but within the 3-sigma
region. A ten minute lightcurve shows some evidence for flaring with the
localization of the flares consistent with the localization of this
transient.


[1] L. Blackburn et al. 2015, ApJS 217, 8
[2] A. Goldstein et al. arXiv:1612.02395
[3] V. Connaughton et al. 2015, ApJS 216, 32
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