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GCN Circular 24645

LIGO/Virgo S190521r: Swift/BAT Counterpart Search
2019-05-21T21:16:20Z (5 years ago)
Amy Lien at GSFC <>
T. Sakamoto (AGU), S. D. Barthelmy (NASA/GSFC),
A. Y. Lien (GSFC/UMBC), D. M. Palmer (LANL),
A. A. Breeveld (MSSL-UCL), A. P. Beardmore (U. Leicester),
D. N. Burrows (PSU), S. Campana (INAF-OAB), S. B. Cenko (NASA/GSFC),
G. Cusumano (INAF-IASF PA), A. D'Ai (INAF-IASFPA),
P. D'Avanzo (INAF-OAB), V. D'Elia(ASDC), S. Emery (UCL-MSSL),
P. A. Evans (U. Leicester), P. Giommi (ASI), C. Gronwall (PSU),
D. Hartmann (Clemson U.), J. A. Kennea (PSU), H. A. Krimm (NSF),
N. P. M. Kuin (UCL-MSSL), F. E. Marshall (NASA/GSFC),
A. Melandri (INAF-OAB), J. A. Nousek (PSU),
S. R. Oates (Uni. of Warwick), P. T. O'Brien (U. Leicester),
J. P. Osborne (U. Leicester), C. Pagani (U. Leicester),
K. L. Page (U.Leicester), M. Perri (ASDC),
J. L. Racusin (NASA/GSFC), B. Sbarufatti (INAF-OAB/PSU),
M. H. Siegel (PSU), G. Tagliaferri (INAF-OAB), A. Tohuvavohu (PSU),
E. Troja (NASA/GSFC/UMCP) report on behalf of the Swift team:

We report the search results in the BAT data within T0 +/- 100 s of the
LVC event S190521r (LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration GCN Circ. 24632),
where T0 is the LVC trigger time (2019-05-21T07:43:59.463 UTC).

The center of the BAT FOV at T0 is
RA = 113.108 deg,
DEC = -13.516 deg,
and the ROLL angle is 295.891 deg.
The BAT Field of View (>10% partial coding) covers 0.00% of the integrated
LVC localization probability.

Within T0 +/- 100 s, no significant detections (signal-to-noise ratio
>~ 5 sigma) are found in the BAT raw light curves with time bins of 64 ms,
1 s, and 1.6 s. Assuming an on-axis (100% coded) short GRB with a typical
spectrum in the BAT energy range (i.e., a simple power-law model with a
power-law index of -1.32, Lien & Sakamoto et al. 2016), the 5-sigma upper
limit in the 1-s binned light curve corresponds to a flux upper limit
(15-350 keV) of ~ 7.50 x 10^-8 erg/s/cm^2.

Event data are available from T-101.444 s to T-98.314 s. No significant
detections are found in the 15-350 keV image made using the whole event
data duration.

BAT retains decreased, but significant, sensitivity to rate increases for
gamma-ray events outside of its FOV. About 33.41% of the integrated LVC
localization probability was outside of the BAT FOV but above the
Earth's limb from Swift's location, and the corresponding flux upper limits
for this region are within roughly an order of magnitude higher than those
within the FOV.

The results of the BAT analysis are available at
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