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GCN Circular 25889

Subject
LIGO/Virgo S190930s: no counterpart candidates in the Swift/BAT observations
Date
2019-10-01T01:13:46Z (4 years ago)
From
Amy Lien at GSFC <amy.y.lien@nasa.gov>
A. Y. Lien (GSFC/UMBC), S. D. Barthelmy (NASA/GSFC),
D. M. Palmer (LANL), T. Sakamoto (AGU),
A. P. Beardmore (U. Leicester), M. G. Bernardini (INAF-OAB),
A. A. Breeveld (MSSL-UCL), D. N. Burrows (PSU),
S. Campana (INAF-OAB), S. B. Cenko (NASA/GSFC),
G. Cusumano (INAF-IASF PA), A. D'Ai (INAF-IASFPA),
P. D'Avanzo (INAF-OAB), V. D'Elia (ASI-SSDC), S. Emery (UCL-MSSL),
P. A. Evans (U. Leicester), P. Giommi (ASI), C. Gronwall (PSU),
D. Hartmann (Clemson U.), J. A. Kennea (PSU),
N. Klingler (PSU), H. A. Krimm (NSF),
N. P. M. Kuin (UCL-MSSL), F. E. Marshall (NASA/GSFC),
A. Melandri (INAF-OAB), J. A. Nousek (PSU),
S. R. Oates (Uni. of Warwick), P. T. O'Brien (U. Leicester),
J. P. Osborne (U. Leicester), C. Pagani (U. Leicester),
K. L. Page (U.Leicester), M. J. Page (UCL-MSSL), M. Perri (ASDC),
J. L. Racusin (NASA/GSFC), B. Sbarufatti (INAF-OAB/PSU),
M. H. Siegel (PSU), G. Tagliaferri (INAF-OAB), A. Tohuvavohu (Toronto),
E. Troja (NASA/GSFC/UMCP) report on behalf of the Swift team:

We report the search results in the BAT data within T0 +/- 100 s of the
LVC event S190930s (LIGO/VIRGO Collaboration GCN Circ. 25871),
where T0 is the LVC trigger time (2019-09-30T13:35:41.246 UTC).

The center of the BAT field of view (FOV) at T0 is
RA = 20.932 deg,
DEC = -58.811 deg,
and the roll angle is 164.350 deg.
The BAT FOV (>10% partial coding) covers 0.40% of the integrated
LVC localization probability, and 0.45% of the galaxy convolved
probability (Evans et al. 2016). Note that the sensitivity in the BAT FOV
changes with the partial coding fraction. Please see the BAT FOV figure
in the summary page (link below) for the specific location of the LVC
region relative to the BAT FOV.

Within T0 +/- 100 s, no significant detections (signal-to-noise ratio
>~ 5 sigma) from astrophysical origins are found in the BAT raw light
curves with time bins of 64 ms, 1 s, and 1.6 s. The short spike at
~T-95.9 s in the 15-25 keV light curve is due to a detector glitch
(see more explanation in the "Investigation of the detector glitch"
section in the link below).

Assuming an on-axis (100% coded) short GRB with a typical
spectrum in the BAT energy range (i.e., a simple power-law model with a
power-law index of -1.32, Lien & Sakamoto et al. 2016), the 5-sigma upper
limit in the 1-s binned light curve corresponds to a flux upper
limit (15-350 keV) of ~ 2.20 x 10^-7 erg/s/cm^2.
Assuming a luminosity of ~ 2 x 10^47 erg/s (similar to GW170817)
and an average Epeak of ~ 400 keV for short GRBs (Bhat et al. 2016),
this flux upper limit corresponds to a distance of ~ 48.44 Mpc.

Event data analysis is available from T0-100.968 s to T+99.102 s.
No significant detections are found in the 15-350 keV images created
using intervals of T0 to T0+0.1 s, T0-2 s to T0+8 s, and the whole
event data range.

BAT retains decreased, but significant, sensitivity to rate increases for
gamma-ray events outside of its FOV. About 99.60% of the integrated LVC
localization probability was outside of the BAT FOV but above the
Earth's limb from Swift's location, and the corresponding flux upper limits
for this region are within roughly an order of magnitude higher than those
within the FOV.

The results of the BAT analysis are available at
https://swift.gsfc.nasa.gov/results/BATbursts/team_web/S190930s/web/source_public.html
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