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GCN Circular 31635

Subject
ZTF22aabjpxh/AT2022cva: NICER X-ray detection is consistent with a GRB afterglow
Date
2022-02-22T17:27:01Z (2 years ago)
From
Dheeraj R. Pasham at Mass. Inst. of Technology <dheeraj@space.mit.edu>
Dheeraj Pasham (MIT), Keith Gendreau (NASA/GSFC), Elizabeth Ferrara
(NASA/GSFC),  Anna Ho (UC Berkeley)

NICER observed the rapidly fading transient AT2022cva (Ho et al. GCN 31619)
for 2.4 ks starting at 2022-02-21T22:56:03. X-rays are clearly detected
above the background in the 0.3-5.0 keV band with a mean
background-subtracted count rate of 0.92+-0.02 counts/seconds. We fit the
0.3-5 keV X-ray spectrum with a redshifted powerlaw modified by neutral
absorption in Milkway and host galaxy  (tbabs*ztbabs*zpow in XSPEC). Using
a Galactic nH value for tbabs (0.023e22 cm^2; HI4PI Collaboration, Bekhti
et al. 2016) and a redshift of 0.293 (Fremling et al., GCN 31619) gives a
good fit with a c-stat/degrees of freedom of 57/57. The best-fit power law
index and host column density values are 1.36(+0.14,-0.12) and <5e20 cm^-2,
respectively. The 0.3-5 keV observed flux is (2.24+-0.07)e-12 erg/s/cm^2.
This corresponds to an observed luminosity of 5.04(+0.03,-0.33)e44 erg/s at
a redshift of 0.293, which is typical for a GRB afterglow at a similar
phase.

NICER can carry out prompt follow-up observations of transients and is
planning to systematically follow up alerts from LIGO/Virgo and other X-ray
bright extra-galactic transients in the future.

NICER is a 0.2-12 keV X-ray telescope operating on the International Space
Station. The NICER mission and portions of the NICER science team
activities are funded by NASA.
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