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GCN Circular 32476

Subject
GRB 220823A: Swift/BAT-GUANO detection of a short burst
Date
2022-08-23T15:23:02Z (2 years ago)
From
Aaron Tohuvavohu at U Toronto <aaron.tohu@gmail.com>
Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), James DeLaunay (UAlabama), Gayathri Raman
(PSU), Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), report:

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 220823A onboard (T0: 2022-08-23T03:28:52
 UTC, Fermi/GBM trig #682918137).

The Fermi notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift
Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel
Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1).

Upon trigger, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT)
to save 200 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-45,+45] seconds around
the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to
the ground.

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu,
arXiv:2111.01769), detects the burst with a sqrt(TS) of 13.4 in a 1.024 s
analysis time bin.

The duration of the burst as seen by BAT is T90~1.4 s.

NITRATES results, independently, are ambiguous with respect to whether this
burst originates from in or outside the BAT FOV, with a borderline
DeltaLLHOut of 9.9 and no specific location in the FOV significantly
preferred.
Effort to localize this burst will continue.

Independent spectral and/or fluence measurements of this burst from other
instruments could help determine the preferred spatial origin.

See Section 9.1 and Figure 20 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions
and interpretation of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut.

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft
commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode
data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable
more sensitive GRB searches.

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be
found at: https://www.swift.psu.edu/guano/
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