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GCN Circular 33520

GRB 230325A: Swift-XRT refined Analysis
2023-03-25T19:44:08Z (6 months ago)
Phil Evans at U of Leicester <>
K.L. Page (U. Leicester), A.P. Beardmore (U. Leicester), P.A. Evans (U.
Leicester), A. D'Ai (INAF-IASFPA), A. Melandri (INAF-OAR), T. Sbarrato
(INAF-OAB), S. Dichiara (PSU), J.A. Kennea (PSU), A. Tohuvavohu (U.
Toronto) and M.J. Moss report on behalf of the Swift-XRT team:

We have analysed 7.1 ks of XRT data for GRB 230325A (Moss et al. GCN
Circ. 33516), from 83 s to 45.2 ks after the  BAT trigger. The data
comprise 139 s in Windowed Timing (WT) mode (the first 10 s were taken
while Swift was slewing) with the remainder in Photon Counting (PC)
mode. The enhanced XRT position for this burst was given by Goad et al.
(GCN Circ. 33517).

The light curve can be modelled with a series of power-law decays. The
initial decay index is alpha=1.1 (+/-0.5). At T+123 s  the decay
steepens to an alpha of 3.24 (+0.27, -0.16) before breaking again at
T+598 s to a final decay with index alpha=0.42 (+/-0.14).

A spectrum formed from the WT mode data can be fitted with an absorbed
power-law with a photon spectral index	of 2.16 (+0.11, -0.10). The
best-fitting absorption column is  3.2 (+/-0.4) x 10^21 cm^-2, in
excess of the Galactic value of 4.9 x 10^20 cm^-2 (Willingale et al.
2013). The PC mode spectrum has a photon index of 2.13 (+0.25, -0.23)
and a best-fitting absorption column of 2.5 (+0.9, -0.8) x 10^21 cm^-2.
The counts to observed (unabsorbed) 0.3-10 keV flux conversion factor
deduced from this spectrum  is 3.4 x 10^-11 (5.1 x 10^-11) erg cm^-2

A summary of the PC-mode spectrum is thus:
Total column:	     2.5 (+0.9, -0.8) x 10^21 cm^-2
Galactic foreground: 4.9 x 10^20 cm^-2
Excess significance: 4.2 sigma
Photon index:	     2.13 (+0.25, -0.23)

If the light curve continues to decay with a power-law decay index of
0.42, the count rate at T+24 hours will be 0.028 count s^-1,
corresponding to an observed (unabsorbed) 0.3-10 keV flux of 9.3 x
10^-13 (1.4 x 10^-12) erg cm^-2 s^-1.

The results of the XRT-team automatic analysis are available at

This circular is an official product of the Swift-XRT team.
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