Skip to main content
Introducing Einstein Probe, Astro Flavored Markdown, and Notices Schema v4.0.0. See news and announcements

GCN Circular 33639

GRB 230415A: Swift/BAT-GUANO detection
2023-04-18T05:44:11Z (a year ago)
Aaron Tohuvavohu at University of Toronto <>
Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), Gayathri Raman (PSU), James DeLaunay (UAlabama), Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), Samuele Ronchini (PSU), Tyler Parsotan (UMBC/GSFC) report:

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 230415A onboard (T0: 2023-04-15 20:48:48.63 UTC, Fermi/GBM trig #703284533). 

The Fermi notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1). 

Upon trigger by this notice, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) to save 200 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-50,+150] seconds around the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to the ground.

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu 2022, ApJ, 941, 169), detects the burst with a sqrt(TS) of 12.6 in a 16.384 s analysis time bin.
The burst duration is ~30 seconds.

NITRATES results, independently, are ambiguous with respect to whether this burst originates from in or outside the BAT FOV.

See Section 9.1 and Figures 10 and 17 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions and interpretation of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut.

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft
commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode
data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable
more sensitive GRB searches.

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be
found at:

Looking for U.S. government information and services? Visit