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GCN Circular 34280

Subject
GRB 230727A: Swift/BAT-GUANO detection of a burst
Date
2023-07-28T01:05:25Z (10 months ago)
From
Jimmy DeLaunay at University of Alabama <delauj2@gmail.com>
Via
Web form
James DeLaunay (UAlabama), Gayathri Raman (PSU), Samuele Ronchini (PSU), Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), Tyler Parsotan (NASA GSFC) report:

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 230727A onboard (T0: 2023-07-27T11:03:06.85 UTC, Fermi Trig 712148591, GCN 34275). 

The Fermi notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1). 

Upon trigger by this notice, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) to save 200 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-50,+150] seconds around the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to the ground.

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu 2022, ApJ, 941, 169), detects the burst with a sqrt(TS) of 11 in a 2.048 s analysis time bin.

NITRATES results, independently, are ambiguous with respect to whether this burst originates from in or outside the BAT coded FOV, with a borderline DeltaLLHOut of 7.4.
The Fermi GBM localization (GCN 34275) has this burst significantly outside of the BAT coded FOV

See Section 9.1 and Figures 10 and 17 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions and interpretation of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut.

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft
commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode
data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable
more sensitive GRB searches.

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be
found at: https://www.swift.psu.edu/guano/
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