Skip to main content
New GCN Circulars features for September 2023! See news and announcements

GCN Circular 34661

GRB 230908A: Swift/BAT-GUANO detection of a long burst outside the coded FOV
2023-09-11T16:08:54Z (11 days ago)
Submitted By
Web form
Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), Gayathri Raman (PSU),  Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), James DeLaunay (U Alabama),  Samuele Ronchini (PSU), Tyler Parsotan (NASA GSFC) report: 

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 230908A onboard (T0: 2023-09-08T16:41:17.84 UTC, CALET detection: trigger no. 1378226327, AstroSat detection: GCN 34645, GRBAlpha detection: GCN 34647) 

The CALET notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1). 

Upon trigger by this notice, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) to save 90 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-50,+150] seconds around the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to the ground. 

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu 2022, ApJ, 941, 169), performed on the temporal window [T0-20 s, T0+20 s], detects the burst with a sqrt(TS) of 76.33 in a 8.192 s analysis time bin, starting at T0 + 2.0482 s. 

NITRATES results are consistent with a burst coming from outside the FOV, with DeltaLLHOut of -134.81.

See Section 9.1 and Figures 10 and 17 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions and interpretation of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut. 

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable more sensitive GRB searches. 

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be found at:
Looking for U.S. government information and services? Visit