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GCN Circular 35297

LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA S231206ca: Identification of a GW compact binary merger candidate
2023-12-07T00:16:10Z (7 months ago)
Surojit Saha at Institute of Astronomy, National Tsing Hua University <>
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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, and the KAGRA Collaboration report:

We identified the compact binary merger candidate S231206ca during real-time processing of data from LIGO Hanford Observatory (H1) and LIGO Livingston Observatory (L1) at 2023-12-06 23:31:34.528 UTC (GPS time: 1385940712.528). The candidate was found by the CWB [1], GstLAL [2], MBTA [3], PyCBC Live [4], and SPIIR [5] analysis pipelines.

S231206ca is an event of interest because its false alarm rate, as estimated by the online analysis, is 3.2e-10 Hz, or about one in 1e2 years. The event's properties can be found at this URL:

The classification of the GW signal, in order of descending probability, is BBH (>99%), Terrestrial (<1%), BNS (<1%), or NSBH (<1%).

Assuming the candidate is astrophysical in origin, the probability that the lighter compact object is consistent with a neutron star mass (HasNS) is <1%. [6] Using the masses and spins inferred from the signal, the probability of matter outside the final compact object (HasRemnant) is <1%. [6] Both HasNS and HasRemnant consider the support of several neutron star equations of state. The probability that either of the binary components lies between 3 and 5 solar masses (HasMassgap) is <1%.

Two sky maps are available at this time and can be retrieved from the GraceDB event page:
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,0, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [7], distributed via GCN notice about 25 seconds after the candidate event time.
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,1, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [7], distributed via GCN notice about 5 minutes after the candidate event time.

The preferred sky map at this time is bayestar.multiorder.fits,1. For the bayestar.multiorder.fits,1 sky map, the 90% credible region is 1986 deg2. Marginalized over the whole sky, the a posteriori luminosity distance estimate is 3223 +/- 983 Mpc (a posteriori mean +/- standard deviation).

For further information about analysis methodology and the contents of this alert, refer to the LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA Public Alerts User Guide

 [1] Klimenko et al. PRD 93, 042004 (2016)
 [2] Tsukada et al. PRD 108, 043004 (2023) and Ewing et al. arXiv:2305.05625 (2023)
 [3] Aubin et al. CQG 38, 095004 (2021)
 [4] Dal Canton et al. ApJ 923, 254 (2021)
 [5] Chu et al. PRD 105, 024023 (2022)
 [6] Chatterjee et al. ApJ 896, 54 (2020)
 [7] Singer & Price PRD 93, 024013 (2016)
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