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GCN Circular 35513

Subject
GRB 240106A: Glowbug gamma-ray detection
Date
2024-01-09T22:03:58Z (a month ago)
From
C.C. Cheung at Naval Research Lab <Teddy.Cheung@nrl.navy.mil>
Via
Web form
C.C. Cheung, M. Kerr, J. E. Grove, R. Woolf (NRL), A. Goldstein (USRA), C.A. Wilson-Hodge (MSFC), and M.S. Briggs (UAH) report:                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
 
The Glowbug gamma-ray telescope [1,2], operating on the International Space Station, reports the detection of GRB 240106A, which was also detected by Fermi/GBM, GRBAlpha, CALET/CGBM, and INTEGRAL/SPI-ACS (GCN #35490, #35497). 
 
Using an adaptive window with a resolution of 32-ms, the burst onset is determined to be 2024-01-06 00:34:17.784 with a duration of 146.4 s and a total significance of over 97 sigma.  
 
The light curve comprises a complex multi-peaked structure with the brightest interval from T0+127.5s to T0+146.4s. Using a standard power-law function with an exponential high-energy cutoff [3] to model the emission over the brightest interval results in a photon index dN/dE~E^x of x=1.1 and a cutoff energy ("Epeak") of 281 keV.  The modeled 10-10000 keV fluence for the brightest interval is 1e-05 erg/cm^2.
 
The analysis results presented here are preliminary and use a response function that lacks a detailed characterization of the surrounding passive structure of the ISS.
 
Glowbug is a NASA-funded technology demonstrator for sensitive, low-cost gamma-ray transient telescopes developed, built, and operated by the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) with support from the University of Alabama in Huntsville, USRA, and NASA MSFC.  It was launched on 2023 March 15 aboard the Department of Defense Space Test Program’s STP-H9 to the ISS.  The detector comprises 12 large-area (15 cm x 15 cm) CsI:Tl panels covering the surface of a half cube, and two hexagonal (5-cm diameter, 10-cm length) CLLB scintillators, giving it a large field of view (instantaneous FoV ~2/3 sky) over a wide energy band of 50 keV to >2 MeV.
 
[1] Grove, J.E. et al. 2020, Proc. Yamada Conf. LXXI, arXiv:2009.11959
[2] Woolf, R.S. et al. 2022, Proc. SPIE, 12181, id. 121811O
[3] Goldstein, A. et al. 2020, ApJ 895, 40, arXiv :1909.03006
 
Distribution Statement A: Approved for public release.  Distribution is unlimited.
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