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GCN Circular 35629

Subject
GRB 240123B: Swift/BAT-GUANO detection of a long burst
Date
2024-01-25T16:01:37Z (a month ago)
From
Samuele Ronchini at PSU <sjs8171@psu.edu>
Via
Web form
Samuele Ronchini (PSU), James DeLaunay (PSU), Gayathri Raman (PSU), Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), Tyler Parsotan (NASA GSFC) report:

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 240123B onboard (T0: 2024-01-23T17:48:03.22 UTC, Fermi GCN 35608). 

The Fermi notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1). 

Upon trigger by this notice, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) to save 200 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-50,+150] seconds around the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to the ground.

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu 2022, ApJ, 941, 169), performed on the temporal window [T0-20 s, T0+20 s], detects the burst with a sqrt(TS) of 15.5 in a 8.192 s analysis time bin, starting at T0 - 2.05 s. 

NITRATES results, independently, are ambiguous with respect to whether this burst originates from in or outside the BAT coded FOV, with a DeltaLLHOut of 2.75.

See Section 9.1 and Figures 10 and 17 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions and interpretation of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut.

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft
commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode
data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable
more sensitive GRB searches.

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be
found at: https://www.swift.psu.edu/guano/
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