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GCN Circular 36482

Subject
LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA S240515m: Identification of a GW compact binary merger candidate
Date
2024-05-15T02:35:27Z (2 months ago)
From
Chia-Hsuan Hsiung <sw56540@gmail.com>
Via
Web form
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, and the KAGRA Collaboration report:

We identified the compact binary merger candidate S240515m during real-time processing of data from LIGO Hanford Observatory (H1), LIGO Livingston Observatory (L1), and Virgo Observatory (V1) at 2024-05-15 00:53:01.114 UTC (GPS time: 1399769599.114). The candidate was found by the CWB [1], GstLAL [2], MBTA [3], and PyCBC Live [4] analysis pipelines.

S240515m is an event of interest because its false alarm rate, as estimated by the online analysis, is 5.3e-21 Hz, or about one in 1e13 years. The event's properties can be found at this URL:

https://gracedb.ligo.org/superevents/S240515m

The classification of the GW signal, in order of descending probability, is BBH (>99%), Terrestrial (<1%), NSBH (<1%), or BNS (<1%).

There was a significant noise transient (glitch) in the Virgo detector near the event time which may affect the localization of the candidate.

Assuming the candidate is astrophysical in origin, the probability that the lighter compact object is consistent with a neutron star mass (HasNS) is <1%. [5] Using the masses and spins inferred from the signal, the probability of matter outside the final compact object (HasRemnant) is <1%. [5] Both HasNS and HasRemnant consider the support of several neutron star equations of state. The probability that either of the binary components lies between 3 and 5 solar masses (HasMassGap) is <1%.

Two sky maps are available at this time and can be retrieved from the GraceDB event page:
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,0, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [6], distributed via GCN notice about 31 seconds after the candidate event time.
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,1, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [6], distributed via GCN notice about 5 minutes after the candidate event time.

The preferred sky map at this time is bayestar.multiorder.fits,1. For the bayestar.multiorder.fits,1 sky map, the 90% credible region is 978 deg2. Marginalized over the whole sky, the a posteriori luminosity distance estimate is 3559 +/- 976 Mpc (a posteriori mean +/- standard deviation).

For further information about analysis methodology and the contents of this alert, refer to the LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA Public Alerts User Guide https://emfollow.docs.ligo.org/.

 [1] Klimenko et al. PRD 93, 042004 (2016) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.042004
 [2] Tsukada et al. PRD 108, 043004 (2023) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.108.043004 and Ewing et al. (2023) arXiv:2305.05625
 [3] Aubin et al. CQG 38, 095004 (2021) doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abe913
 [4] Dal Canton et al. ApJ 923, 254 (2021) doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abe913
 [5] Chatterjee et al. ApJ 896, 54 (2020) doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab8dbe
 [6] Singer & Price PRD 93, 024013 (2016) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.024013
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