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GCN Circular 36523

Subject
LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA S240520cv: Identification of a GW compact binary merger candidate
Date
2024-05-20T22:16:25Z (2 months ago)
From
Minhyo at Sungkyunkwan University <minhyo.kim@ligo.org>
Via
Web form
The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, and the KAGRA Collaboration report:

We identified the compact binary merger candidate S240520cv during real-time processing of data from LIGO Hanford Observatory (H1), LIGO Livingston Observatory (L1), and Virgo Observatory (V1) at 2024-05-20 21:36:16.965 UTC (GPS time: 1400276194.965). The candidate was found by the GstLAL [1], MBTA [2], and PyCBC Live [3] analysis pipelines.

S240520cv is an event of interest because its false alarm rate, as estimated by the online analysis, is 3.2e-10 Hz, or about one in 1e2 years. The event's properties can be found at this URL:

https://gracedb.ligo.org/superevents/S240520cv

The classification of the GW signal, in order of descending probability, is BBH (97%), NSBH (3%), Terrestrial (<1%), or BNS (<1%).

Assuming the candidate is astrophysical in origin, the probability that the lighter compact object is consistent with a neutron star mass (HasNS) is <1%. [4] Using the masses and spins inferred from the signal, the probability of matter outside the final compact object (HasRemnant) is <1%. [4] Both HasNS and HasRemnant consider the support of several neutron star equations of state. The probability that either of the binary components lies between 3 and 5 solar masses (HasMassGap) is 5%.

Two sky maps are available at this time and can be retrieved from the GraceDB event page:
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,0, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [5], distributed via GCN notice about 31 seconds after the candidate event time.
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,1, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [5], distributed via GCN notice about 5 minutes after the candidate event time.

The preferred sky map at this time is bayestar.multiorder.fits,1. For the bayestar.multiorder.fits,1 sky map, the 90% credible region is 370 deg2. Marginalized over the whole sky, the a posteriori luminosity distance estimate is 1289 +/- 332 Mpc (a posteriori mean +/- standard deviation).

For further information about analysis methodology and the contents of this alert, refer to the LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA Public Alerts User Guide https://emfollow.docs.ligo.org/.

 [1] Tsukada et al. PRD 108, 043004 (2023) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.108.043004 and Ewing et al. (2023) arXiv:2305.05625
 [2] Aubin et al. CQG 38, 095004 (2021) doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abe913
 [3] Dal Canton et al. ApJ 923, 254 (2021) doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abe913
 [4] Chatterjee et al. ApJ 896, 54 (2020) doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab8dbe
 [5] Singer & Price PRD 93, 024013 (2016) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.024013
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