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GCN Circular 36532

Subject
GRB 240521B: Swift/BAT-GUANO arcminute localization of a long burst
Date
2024-05-22T17:41:14Z (22 days ago)
From
Samuele Ronchini at PSU <sjs8171@psu.edu>
Via
Web form
Samuele Ronchini (PSU), James DeLaunay (PSU), Aaron Tohuvavohu (U Toronto), Gayathri Raman (PSU), Jamie A. Kennea (PSU), Tyler Parsotan (NASA GSFC)  report:

Swift/BAT did not localize GRB 240521B onboard (T0: 2024-05-21T15:08:57.06 UTC, Fermi trigger 737996942).

The Fermi notice, distributed in near real-time, triggered the Swift Mission Operations Center operated Gamma-ray Urgent Archiver for Novel Opportunities (GUANO; Tohuvavohu et al. 2020, ApJ, 900, 1). 

Upon trigger by this notice, GUANO sent a command to the Swift Burst Alert Telescope (BAT) to save 200 seconds of BAT event-mode data from [-50,+150] seconds around the time of the burst. All the requested event mode data was delivered to the ground.

The BAT likelihood search, NITRATES (DeLaunay + Tohuvavohu 2022, ApJ, 941, 169), detects the burst in a 16.384 s analysis time bin starting at T0 - 12.3 s with a sqrt(TS) of 74.6.
An arcminute localization is found with DeltaLLHOut of 984.5 and a DeltaLLHPeak of 1282.7.

See Section 9.1 and Figures 10 and 17 in the NITRATES paper for brief descriptions and interpretations of sqrt(TS), DeltaLLHPeak, and DeltaLLHOut.

The BAT position is
RA, Dec = 355.6879, -32.7215 deg which is
   RA(J2000)  = 23h 42m 45.10s
   Dec(J2000) = -32° 43’ 17.4’’
with an estimated uncertainty of 3 arcmin radius.

Follow-up observations from other instruments are requested.
Swift ToO request has been submitted.

GUANO is a fully autonomous, extremely low latency, spacecraft
commanding pipeline designed for targeted recovery of BAT event mode
data around the times of compelling astrophysical events to enable
more sensitive GRB searches.

A live reporting of Swift/BAT event data recovered by GUANO can be
found at: https://www.swift.psu.edu/guano/
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