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GCN Circular 36539

LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA S240525p: Identification of a GW compact binary merger candidate
2024-05-25T03:49:49Z (2 months ago)
Mohit Sah at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai <>
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The LIGO Scientific Collaboration, the Virgo Collaboration, and the KAGRA Collaboration report:

We identified the compact binary merger candidate S240525p during real-time processing of data from LIGO Hanford Observatory (H1), LIGO Livingston Observatory (L1), and Virgo Observatory (V1) at 2024-05-25 03:12:10.635 UTC (GPS time: 1400641948.635). The candidate was found by the GstLAL [1] and MBTA [2] analysis pipelines.

S240525p is an event of interest because its false alarm rate, as estimated by the online analysis, is 1.7e-08 Hz, or about one in 1 year, 10 months. The event's properties can be found at this URL:

After parameter estimation by RapidPE-RIFT [3], the classification of the GW signal, in order of descending probability, is BBH (99%), Terrestrial (1%), NSBH (<1%), or BNS (<1%).

Assuming the candidate is astrophysical in origin, the probability that the lighter compact object is consistent with a neutron star mass (HasNS) is <1%. [4] Using the masses and spins inferred from the signal, the probability of matter outside the final compact object (HasRemnant) is <1%. [4] Both HasNS and HasRemnant consider the support of several neutron star equations of state. The probability that either of the binary components lies between 3 and 5 solar masses (HasMassGap) is 9%.

Two sky maps are available at this time and can be retrieved from the GraceDB event page:
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,1, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [5], distributed via GCN notice about 33 seconds after the candidate event time.
 * bayestar.multiorder.fits,2, an initial localization generated by BAYESTAR [5], distributed via GCN notice about 5 minutes after the candidate event time.

The preferred sky map at this time is bayestar.multiorder.fits,2. For the bayestar.multiorder.fits,2 sky map, the 90% credible region is 1910 deg2. Marginalized over the whole sky, the a posteriori luminosity distance estimate is 5318 +/- 1637 Mpc (a posteriori mean +/- standard deviation).

For further information about analysis methodology and the contents of this alert, refer to the LIGO/Virgo/KAGRA Public Alerts User Guide

 [1] Tsukada et al. PRD 108, 043004 (2023) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.108.043004 and Ewing et al. (2023) arXiv:2305.05625
 [2] Aubin et al. CQG 38, 095004 (2021) doi:10.1088/1361-6382/abe913
 [3] Rose et al. (2022) arXiv:2201.05263 and Pankow et al. PRD 92, 023002 (2015) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.92.023002
 [4] Chatterjee et al. ApJ 896, 54 (2020) doi:10.3847/1538-4357/ab8dbe
 [5] Singer & Price PRD 93, 024013 (2016) doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.93.024013

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