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GCN Circular 7420

Subject
Swift trigger 306323: Swift-BAT/XRT refined analysis
Date
2008-03-15T21:12:22Z (16 years ago)
From
Hans Krimm at NASA-GSFC <hans.a.krimm@nasa.gov>
S. D. Barthelmy (GSFC), D. N. Burrows (PSU), J. Cummings (GSFC/UMBC),
N. Gehrels (GSFC), H. A. Krimm (GSFC/USRA), C. B. Markwardt (GSFC/UMD),
K. L. Page (U Leicester), D. Palmer (LANL)

After analysis of the data from the Swift BAT and XRT instruments, the 
Swift team is unable to conclude whether or not trigger is a real but 
faint burst or a statistical fluctuation.  The source is detected at 7.1 
sigma in the BAT 15-50 keV energy band.  However, no bright source was 
found in the XRT data.

Using the data set from T-239 to T+303 sec from recent telemetry 
downlinks, we report further analysis of trigger 306323 (reported as GRB 
080315, Page, et al., GCN Circ. 7416).

The BAT ground-calculated position is
RA, Dec = 155.124 +41.701 deg which is
    RA(J2000)  =  10h 20m 29.8s
    Dec(J2000) = +41d 42' 3.6"
with an uncertainty of 3.3 arcmin, (radius, sys+stat, 90% containment).
The image significance at this location is 7.1 sigma. The partial coding 
was 98%.

The mask-weighted light curve shows a a single smooth bump starting at 
~T-5 sec and and ending at ~T+65 sec.  It appears only in the 15-50 keV 
band. T90 (15-350 keV) is 65 +- 5 sec (estimated error including 
systematics).

The time-averaged spectrum from T+0.0 to T+64.0 sec is best fit by a 
simple power-law model.  The power law index of the time-averaged 
spectrum is 2.51 +- 0.59.  The fluence in the 15-150 keV band is 1.4 +- 
0.5 x 10-7 erg/cm2. The 1-sec peak photon flux measured from T+0.00 sec 
in the 15-150 keV band is 0.04 +- 0.01 ph/cm2/sec.  All the quoted 
errors are at the 90% confidence level.

In 20 ks of XRT Photon Counting mode data, a weak source is detected 
within the BAT error circle at a count rate of (9.5 � 3.0) X 10-4 
count/s. The coordinates of this source are RA, Dec (J2000) = 155.0856, 
+41.6847, which is equivalent to
    RA  =  10 20 20.55
    Dec = +41 41 04.8
with an estimated uncertainty of 5 arcsec (90% containment). It is not
possible to determine whether this source is fading because of the 
limited statistics. With the exception of this source, the 3-sigma upper 
limit within the BAT error circle is 5.9 X 10-4 count/s.

It is unusual, but not unprecedented for there to be no XRT detection of 
a Swift source.  Among the BAT triggers of long GRBs with prompt slews, 
XRT sees a source approximately 97% of the time.  Given the XRT 
non-detection and the faintness of the BAT source, we cannot tell 
whether this trigger is a statistical fluctuation or a real burst.

The results of the batgrbproduct analysis are available at
http://gcn.gsfc.nasa.gov/notices_s/306323/BA/
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